Monday, October 15, 2018

Department Seminar Series - SARAH KAPLAN - University of toronto

The Management Department
Department Seminar Series
University of toronto

 Tuesday, October 23rd 2018

   Room LE CLUB  at 10:00  am


  Abstract: Increasing attention – both in the scholarly literature and in the world of policy makers and practitioners – is being paid to the challenges facing female entrepreneurs. What was once assumed to be a merit-based system for encouraging and rewarding entrepreneurs is now understood to operate in gendered ways that in many cases disadvantage female founders. These effects occur across the entire pipeline, beginning with the dearth of women seeking to start high growth companies, to the lack of funding opportunities and mentorship. There are substantial differences in the number of startups led by women, their levels of relevant experience and the amount of funding – both debt and equity – they seek and receive. Some have argued that women tend to found lower potential startups. Yet, even controlling for quality, we see many implicit biases in how female founders are treated. One important approach to redressing inequalities might be through the use of accelerators. Entrepreneurship accelerators are proliferating in both developed and developing economies as different cities, regions and sectors seek to increase economic growth and employment. Accelerators are designed to give a boost to startups by providing in a concentrated way the mentorship, networks, training and financing required to be successful. The presence of accelerators could have the potential to solve some of the challenges female entrepreneurs face, however preliminary evidence suggests that they, for the most part, seem to be perpetuating the gendered dynamics that exist in the entrepreneurial system. On the other hand, there is no systematic research on how accelerators do or might address the gendered dynamics of entrepreneurship. Because accelerators are seen as such an important policy tool for increasing entrepreneurial success, it is imperative that we develop and analyze systematic data on accelerators and their effects, particularly on female founders. In this study, we will draw on what is known to date on female entrepreneurs and more broadly on the research on gender in organizations and the economy to understand the dynamics of acceleration in entrepreneurship. Using a longitudinal database of over 3,000 ventures in nearly 50 accelerators, we trace the effects of selection into the accelerator and the acceleration process on outcomes for women-only, women-led, and male-only venture teams. We couple survey data with interviews of accelerators to understand whether and when acceleration can be a tool for mitigating gender bias in female entrepreneurship.

Friday, October 12, 2018

Department Seminar Series - SAMEER SRIVASTAVA - UC BERKELEY - Monday, October 29th 2018

The Management Department
Department Seminar Series


 Monday, October 29th 2018
   Room LE CLUB  at 10:00  am

Theme“Dampening the Echo: Receptiveness to Opposing Views, Majority-Minority Distance, and Network Homogeneity”

    Abstract: Social worlds often splinter into echo chambers as people preferentially form ties to others who hold similar political views and avoid affiliating with those who disagree with them. Group composition often contributes to this dynamic, with those in the ideological majority being less likely than those in the minority to form relationships with ideological opponents. This article examines how an individual difference—receptiveness to opposing views—can counteract these tendencies and thereby dampen the echo in some chambers. We develop a theoretical account of how micro-level differences in receptiveness can give rise to macro-level patterns of network heterogeneity. In particular, we theorize that prospective interaction partners who are more mutually receptive will be less prone to forming ties on the basis of political homophily or triadic closure. In groups with majority and minority factions, we further propose that mutual receptiveness will increase the propensity of group members in the political majority to form ties with minority group members. We evaluate and find support for these ideas using field data from three sites that vary in political orientation, analyzing tens of thousands of dyads composed of 599 participants. We discuss implications for research on individual differences and networks, attitude polarization, and group composition.

Department Seminar Series - DANQING WANG - UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG - Tuesday, October 16th 2018

The Management Department
Department Seminar Series


University of hong kong

 Tuesday, October 16th 2018

Level 3 board room at 4:00 pm in Singapore
10:00 a.m in Cergy Room N231

Theme“Political Leaders, Career Concerns and FDI Inflows”

   Abstract: Host governments’ role in influencing companies’ location choice for foreign direct investment (FDI) has been studied much more than the impact of individual leaders in these governments. Extending agency theory to an authoritarian government, we study how career concerns motivate local leaders to drive FDI inflows as one of the goals delegated by their superiors. We theorize that certain conditions may enhance the motivating effect of career concerns: individual and regional characteristics that increase leaders’ tendency to take risks and the alignment of leaders’ and their superiors’ interests. We test this framework by examining Chinese city leaders and FDI inflows into their cities from 2000–2010. In China, political leaders’ careers largely depend on local economic growth. Because newly appointed leaders have better prospects for promotion, they should have stronger incentives than incumbent leaders to work toward their supervisors’ interests. Using a difference-in-differences approach, we find that newly appointed leaders attract more FDI inflows to their cities than incumbent leaders. This effect of political incentives is stronger for newly appointed leaders who are younger and have political connections with their direct superiors, and also for cities with weaker previous economic performance. We contribute to location studies by highlighting the role of political incentives and political leaders’ characteristics in shaping intra-national differences of FDI inflows. We also discuss theoretical implications for agency and institutional theories.

Monday, September 24, 2018

Department Seminar Series - Anne-Laure Fayard - NYU'S - Thursday October 11th 2018

The Management Department
Department Seminar Series

 Thursday, October 11th 2018
   Room LE CLUB  at 10:00 am (4.00 p.m in Singapore)

Theme:  “Organizing for Open Social Innovation: The Case of OpenIDEO

   Abstract: With increasing large-scale complex social issues such as poverty, aging, and education facing our world, cross-sector collaborations, in particular those involving the general public, have been recognized as crucial to the generation of innovative solutions. Yet, the success of such collaborations is elusive. Drawing on a 40-month ethnographic study of OpenIDEO, an open innovation platform for social innovation, I examine how an organization created a diverse global community and invited its members ­ through sponsored challenges – to collaboratively generate ideas for tackling complex social issues. Through inductive analysis, I identify three practices by which the OpenIDEO team developed a participatory platform for open social innovation: constructing a collaborative community, temporally structuring interactions, and providing a space for collaborative idea generation. I show how these organizing practices are crucial to successfully engage individuals from multiple backgrounds across the globe to collaboratively problem-solve complex social issues. My findings suggest that open social innovation might be a productive form of collaborative organizing for organizations aiming to experiment with new forms of organizational responses to grand challenges. This work has implications for our understanding of open social innovation, collaborative spaces for idea generation and the practices supporting the engagement of diverse communities in tackling complex social issues.

Friday, July 27, 2018

The Management Department
Department Seminar Series

Gina Dokko

 Thursday, September 20th 2018

   Room LE CLUB  at 10:00 am (4.00 p.m in Singapore)

Theme“You can’t go home again: Boomerang employees and bi-lateral relational assistance”

  Abstract: Understanding the portability of performance is critical in a world of boundaryless careers and unstable employment. Researchers have focused on human capital and social capital as key factors in determining how well performance translates across firm boundaries; less attention has been directed toward identity-based or cognitive frameworks that individuals carry when they move between employers. We study boomerangs, i.e. individuals who return to a former employer after working elsewhere, to focus on how identity impacts the behavior of both returnees and incumbent co-workers. We find that boomerangs are more likely to assist their former co-workers than other co-workers, and that this effect is mitigated when the boomerangs re-enter the firm as part of a co-mobility event. By contrast, former co-workers are less likely to assist the boomerang, and the negative effect is exacerbated when the boomerang is coming back as a star performer.

Saturday, June 30, 2018

Acceptabilité des mesures de luttes contre les maladies transmissibles

Le jeudi 31 mai 2018, l'Association pour l'Étude de l'Épidémiologie des Maladies Animales (AEEMA) avec l'association pour le développement de l'Épidémiologie de Terrain (EPITER) tenait ses journées annuelles à l'École Vétérinaire d'Alfort. J'ai eu le plaisir de présenter un travail intitulé :

Perceptions d’un événement par les consommateurs et leur jugement des mesures de lutte
Exercice d’anticipation dans le cas de dépistage positif d’animaux à l’ESB.

Lorsque les consommateurs prennent connaissance d’un événement susceptible de nuire à leur santé, comme une annonce dans la presse que trois bovins ont été dépistés positifs à l’ESB, ils forment un jugement sur leur degré d’exposition. Ils élaborent alors des stratégies d’évitement – arrêt de la consommation -- ou d’acceptation selon leur perception de celui-ci. Dans le cas du choix d’évitement, lequel n’est, dans leur esprit, que temporaire, la persévérance de leur choix dépendra de leur perception des mesures de lutte mise en œuvre par les pouvoirs publics afin d’assurer la qualité sanitaire des denrées alimentaires. Sous quelles conditions sont-ils prêts à accepter de consommer à nouveau de la viande.

J'ai exploré les schémas cognitifs des consommateurs en situation fictive. Ce travail, réalisé à la demande du Conseil National de l’Alimentation, suggère que les consommateurs forment des représentations mentales différentes selon leur génération d’appartenance au moment des crises des années 1990. Les personnes âgées aujourd'hui de plus de 18 ans et de moins de 25 ans n'étaient pas en situation de prendre des décisions alimentaires autonomes en 1995 et en 2000, mais ils gardent souvent la trace de cette crise dans leur mémoire. Dans l'échantillon, les personnes âgées de plus 40 ans aujourd'hui prenaient des décisions alimentaires de manière autonome. Les réponses sont substantiellement différentes entre les deux générations. Les "jeunes », bien que conscient de la dangerosité de la maladie de la vache folle chez l'homme et de la possibilité d'une transmission par voie alimentaire à partir d'animal malade, ne sentent pas concernés par un le dépistage positif de trois animaux dans un abattoir (événement hypothétique servant à la mise en situation). Leurs ainés se sentent, quant à eux, concernés et naturellement attendent des pouvoirs publics qu'ils restaurent la confiance des consommateurs dans le système de production. Leurs attentes s'expriment un désir de comprendre les mesures mises en oeuvre par les pouvoirs publics afin d'être convaincu de leur pertinence. J'ai proposé des pistes d'actions de communication d'influence (en opposition à une communication fondée sur une argumentation logique telle qu’attendu par les répondants). L'article sera disponible dans la revue Épidémiologie et Santé Animale. 

Wednesday, May 30, 2018

Management Department MOS - Srividya Jandhyala - “Firms Political Strategies Abroad: Opening the Black Box of Commercial Diplomacy”

The Management Department & The Research Center

will present her paper

 Tuesday, June 5th 2018

   Room N231 – 9:15 a.m in Cergy
3:15 p.m in Singapore

Theme: Firms Political Strategies Abroad: Opening the Black Box of Commercial Diplomacy

Abstract: A considerable literature in strategy and management assesses firms’ political and non-market strategies, including questions such as how lobbying and political connections influence firm performance. Yet the bulk of this literature has focused on domestic political strategies, ignoring the potential role of political influence abroad. In this paper we examine firms’ political strategies abroad, with a particular focus on the role of commercial diplomacy in investment disputes. We make two primary contributions. First, the few existing studies of international political ties typically treat diplomacy itself as a “black box”, using proxy measures of diplomacy and inferring the effects of diplomacy by observing firm outcomes. We instead use a unique dataset of leaked diplomatic cables to provide a systematic empirical assessment of the specific actions American diplomats undertake to assist firms managing their relationships with host governments. Second, we use structured, focused comparisons across three case studies to probe two potential mechanisms driving diplomats’ decisions to intervene in disputes: a firm’s political power and connections, and its ability to frame its case in clear normative terms. We find that normative framing is particularly important: when firms can successfully frame their treatment at the hands of the host government as illegitimate, diplomats are significantly more likely to intervene—even for small, politically unimportant firms. These findings have important implications for firms seeking to capitalize on available diplomatic channels in managing their relations with host states, and suggest nonmarket strategy can be important even when firms have limited resources for lobbying or building political connections.

Tuesday, May 29, 2018

Department Seminar Series - Tiziana Casciaro - University of Toronto - Tuesday June 26th 2018

The Management Department
Department Seminar Series

Tiziana casciaro
 Tuesday, June 26th 2018
   Room N231 at 10:00 am (4.00 p.m in Singapore)

Theme:  “How do people perceive organizational networks? Toward a theory of Gestalt versus elemental network perception”

 Abstract: “How people perceive organizational networks influences individual and organizational outcomes above and beyond the effects of the network structure underlying those perceptions. In investigating these effects, research on network perception has been dominated by an elemental view of social cognition, which assumes that people encode and recall each tie in the network, and construct their view of the network as a whole based on the sum of these ties.  This dominant view has marginalized a Gestalt, holistic view of network perception, whereby people perceptions of an actor’s network position (i.e., central vs peripheral, high status vs. low status, liked vs. disliked) are created through a top-down, category-driven process that hinges heavily on their organized prior knowledge, as opposed to relying primarily on bottom-up, data-driven processes. I argue and document empirically that recognizing the distinction between elemental and Gestalt forms of network perception allows a greater understanding of the descriptive (how people do perceive networks) and prescriptive (how people should perceive networks) implications of network perception for organizational behavior. I then set the conceptual foundations for a theory that encourages a distinction between thin structure and deep structure as boundary conditions for the relevance of elemental and Gestalt network perceptions. Elemental network cognition, I propose, is necessary to capture the effects of deep structural features of the network—the complex topology of network edges. Gestalt network perceptions may suffice instead when a phenomenon can be understood in terms of its thin structural features—higher-level aggregates and trends of social connections. Working toward such a theory can direct future studies toward a fuller account of the way people form network perceptions, the boundary conditions for the impact of those perceptions on organizational phenomena, and the methodological options that such descriptive and prescriptive theorizing opens up for research on organizational networks.